Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States, from 1861 to 1865, during the American Civil War. He was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth just six days after most of the Confederate forces had surrendered and the war was ending.
Lincoln was sometimes called Abe Lincoln or "Honest Abe" because he started a business, failed, and unlike most people, instead of running away he stayed and worked to pay off his debt. He has also been called the "Great Emancipator" because of his work to end slavery in the United States. In 1863, he declared that all slaves held in the rebellious Confederate States were free. He also sponsored the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Ratified in 1865, nine months after his assassination, that amendment completely outlawed slavery in the United States.
Lincoln started his political career in 1832, however after he lost the election he served as a captain in the army during the Black Hawk War, and then worked as a lawyer in Springfield. He soon became one of the most respected lawyers in Illinois, using his 'fame' to protest against black slavery. In 1841 he won a court case representing a black woman who claimed she had already been freed and could not be sold as a slave.
Lincoln made a famous speech after the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863 called the Gettysburg Address. The battle was very important, and many soldiers from both sides died. The speech was given when they built the cemetery for the dead soldiers. It is one of the most famous speeches in American history. Lincoln was the first American president to be assassinated.
Lincoln was one of the great supporters of equal rights and played a fundamental role in ending slavery in America. He was also a natural born leader and public speaker, with his famous Gettysburg Address and leadership of America through one of it's toughest civil wars. If you haven't seen the film I strongly recommend you watch it!